Old World Wine Regions

What is in my bottle of wine? New World wines (USA, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Argentina, Chile) are frequently easier to navigate on the wine list and at retail, as the grape varieties are typically listed prominently on the label. Wines of the Old World (France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Portugal, Austria, Greece, Hungary, Croatia) are less obvious unless you are familiar with the region, as most of the wines list the region, not the grape, on the label.

To help you navigate the wine list and the store shelf like a pro, here is a list of the major grape varieties that can be found in the most predominant Old World wine-producing regions.


Old World Wine Regions in France


(Médoc, Pomerol, St-Émilion, Graves, Pessac-Léognan, Entre-Deux-Mers, Sauternes)

Red Grapes: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec

White Grapes: Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon


(Chablis, Côte de Nuits, Côte de Beaune, Côte Châlonnaise, Mâconnais, Beaujolais)

Red Grapes: Pinot Noir, Gamay

White Grapes: Chardonnay

Loire Valley

 (Pouilly-Fumé, Sancerre, Vouvray, Anjou, Muscadet)

Red Grapes: Cabernet Franc

White Grapes: Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc


(Valley of the Marne, Moutain of Reims, Côte des Blancs, Côte des Bar)

Red Grapes: Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier

White Grapes: Chardonnay

Côtes du Rhône

(Hermitage, Crozes-Hermitage, Cornas, Côte Rotie, St-Joseph, St-Perey, Château-Grillet, Condrieu, Châteauneuf-de-Pape, Gigondas, Lirac, Tavel, Vacqueyras)

Red Grapes: Syrah, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Cinsault

White Grapes: Viognier, Roussanne, Marsanne, Picpoul


Red Grapes: Pinot Noir

White Grapes: Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Gris, Sylvaner


Red Grapes: Carignan, Syrah, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Cinsault

White Grapes: Chardonnay, Grenache Blanc, Picpoul, Marsanne, Roussanne, Viognier


Red Grapes: Grenache, Syrah

White Grapes: Rolle (Vermentino), Ugni Blanc (Trebbiano), Bourboulenc, Clairette, Marsanne, Roussanne, Grenache Blanc



Red Grapes: Tempranillo, Garnacha, Graciano, Mazuelo, Maturana Tinta

White Grapes: Viura, Malvasia, Garnacha Blanca, Tempranillo Blanco, Maturana Blanca, Turruntés, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo


Red Grapes: Garnacha, Cariñena, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah

Ribera del Duero

Red Grapes: Tempranillo

Penedès (Cava)

White Grapes: Macabeo (Viura), Parellada, Xarel-lo, Malvasia

Red Grapes: Cariñena, Garnacha, Cabernet Sauvignon

Rias Baixas

White Grapes: Albariño


White Grapes: Palomino, Pedro Ximénez


map of italy wine regions


(Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Carmignano)

Red Grapes: Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot

White Grapes: Vernaccia


(Barolo, Barbaresco)

Red Grapes: Nebbiolo, Barbera, Dolcetto

White Wines: Moscato, Cortese, Arneis


(Valpolicella, Bardolino, Soave, Prosecco)

Red Grapes: Corvina, Molinara, Rondinella

White Grapes: Garganega, Trebbiano, Glera



White Grapes: Riesling, Müller-Thurgau, Silvaner, Weissburgunder (Pinot Blanc)

Red Grapes: Dornfelder, Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir), Kerner


White Grapes: Riesling, Müller-Thurgau

Red Grapes: Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir)


White Grapes: Riesling, Müller-Thurgau, Elbling


White Grapes: Grüner Veltliner, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay

Red Grapes: Blauer Zweigelt, Blaufränkisch, St. Laurent, Pinot Noir


White Grapes: Assyrtiko, Moschofilero, Roditis (pink grape)

Red Grapes: Agiorgitiko, Xinomavro

A special thank you to John P. Laloganes, Sommelier, Educator and Author of acclaimed books like The Beverage Manager’s Guide to Wines, Beers and Spirits and others. Our team is grateful for his mentorship and continued passion for wine education. Cellar Angels customers are more informed wine enthusiasts because of the content on this page, which he generously provided.

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